Federal Funding

The annual budgeting and funding process for the federal government begins with the president sending his budget request for the next fiscal year to Congress. Next, Congress crafts its own budget resolution and begins the appropriations process to determine funding levels for federal programs.

On March 11, 2019, President Trump submitted his FY 2020 budget proposal for the U.S. Department of Education to the Congress.  The Department’s request focuses on education freedom for more of our nation’s students; elevating the teaching profession through personalization; continued support for our nation’s most vulnerable students; promoting safe and secure schools; promoting workforce development for the 21st century; and streamlining and improving postsecondary aid. The budget request seeks an overall cuts $7.1b to the U.S. Department of Education’s budget.

As in FY19, the President’s budget request cuts 29 programs, including:

  • Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants (Title II of ESSA)
  • Teacher Quality Partnership grants
  • Supporting Effective Educator Development (SEED) grants
  • Statewide longitudinal data systems (in IES)
  • Regional Educational Laboratories (in IES)

Additional Resources:

In Congress, there has been bipartisan criticism to the proposed cuts, and many members of Congress support programs slated for elimination in the proposal. Many of the proposed cuts and changes to the U.S. Department of Education and its programs were discussed in hearings of the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies subcommittees of the Appropriations Committees in the U.S. House of Representatives on March 26 and in the U.S. Senate on March 28 where Secretary Betsy DeVos testified.

Also at play in the need to raise the caps on both non-defense and defense discretionary spending as set in the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011. The Congress has consistently raised the caps since the BCA was enacted. However, if the cap for non-defense discretionary is not raised, a cut of $54 b will be necessary to abide by the law and prevent further across the board cuts. There is bipartisan desire to see both the defense and non-defense discretionary caps raised, but questions include by how much, and raising both the same amount or not.

AACTE continues advocating for programs important to educator preparation to receive a fair share of any increase of appropriations, including the programs listed in the chart below.

AACTE is a member of the Committee for Education Funding, a coalition that advocates for education funding and includes a wide range of early education, PK-12, and higher education associations. The following chart lists the president’s budget request amounts, alongside recent appropriations, for some of the programs supported by AACTE.

Program FY 14 FY 15 FY 16 FY 17 FY 18 FY 19 FY20 POTUS  Budget Request
Teacher Quality Partnership Grants (million) 40.59 40.59 43.1 43.1 43.1 43.1  0
Title II of ESEA (billion) 2.35 2.35 2.35 2.05 2.1 2.1 0
School Leadership (million) 25.76 16.37 16.37 15 0 0 0
IDEA Personnel Prep (million) 83.7 83.7 83.7 83.7 84 87.2 87.2
Institute of Education Sciences (million) 576.93 573.93 618.01 605.27 613 615 521.6

Last Updated May 2019