Federal Policy and Legislation

Federal Funding

The annual budgeting and funding process for the federal government begins with the president sending his budget request for the next fiscal year to Congress. Next, Congress crafts its own budget and begins the appropriations process to determine funding levels for federal programs.

In Fiscal Year 2018 (FY18), cuts in discretionary spending as established through the Budget Control Act of 2011 (for a detailed report on the Budget Control Act of 2011, click here) will continue to cut funding for key programs, including those supporting education.

In May 2017, President Trump released his full budget request for FY18. The budget features five priority areas for education, including creating new education options through school choice, maintaining support for the nation’s most vulnerable students, simplifying funding for postsecondary education, building evidence around educational innovation, and streamlining existing programs. This request calls for deep cuts to education and other federal agencies, eliminating ESEA Title II-A funds and a total of 22 education programs, including the Teacher Quality Partnership (TQP) grant program. For an overview of the president’s budget request, review this blog.

In Congress, there has been bipartisan criticism to the proposed cuts, and many members of Congress support programs slated for elimination in the proposal. In July, however, the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations passed its FY18 appropriations bill that funds the U.S. Department of Education and did eliminate funds for the TQP grant program, Title II-A of ESEA, and the School Leadership Recruitment and Support grant program, as well as making a cut to the Supporting Effective Educators grant program – all funding that supports educators from cradle through career. The U.S. Senate has yet to mark up its bill funding education (the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies appropriations bill), and the Senate may not concur with the cuts the House proposed. The appropriations process resumes in September when Congress returns from the August recess.

AACTE and its members actively engage with Congress to raise awareness of the impact of key federal programs to the profession and to secure funding to support their work. AACTE will continue to advocate for funding of programs important to educator preparation, as well as funding for education overall. AACTE is a member of the Committee for Education Funding, a coalition that advocates for education funding and includes a wide range of early education, PK-12, and higher education associations.

The chart below lists the president's budget request amounts, alongside recent appropriations, for some of the programs supported by AACTE.

Program FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 FY 15 FY 16 FY 17 FY 18 Request
Teacher Quality Partnership Grants (million) $42.8 40.5 40.59 40.59 43.1 43.1 0
Title II of ESEA (billion) $2.46 2.34 2.35 2.35 2.35 2.05 0
School Leadership (million) $14.47 27.58 25.76 16.37 16.37 15 0
IDEA Personnel Prep (million) $88.2 83.7 83.7 83.7 83.7 83.7 83.5
Institute of Education Sciences (million) $593.67 562.61 576.93 573.93 618.01 605.27 617
Transition to Teaching (million)
This program was eliminated in the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
$26 24.6 13.76 13.7 -- -- --

 

Last Updated August 2017